Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) led to significantly longer overall survival (OS) than non-transplant strategies in a cohort of elderly patients with multiple myeloma.
“Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease of older adults, with almost two-thirds of cases occurring in patients over the age of 65 years,” wrote study authors led by Tanya Wildes, MD, of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Recent improvements in treatments for MM, however, have led to only mild survival improvements specifically in those older patients. In randomized trials of ASCT, patients over 65 have been specifically excluded, leaving the role of this therapy in older MM patients unclear.
In the new retrospective cohort study, the researchers identified 146 patients between the ages of 65 and 77 years with newly diagnosed MM between 2000 and 2010. Of those, 62 underwent ASCT, and 84 did not. Results were published in Bone Marrow Transplantation.
The median age in the study was 68 years; those who underwent ASCT were younger (67 years) than those who did not (70 years). Other characteristics were similar between the groups. The median OS for the full cohort was 43.4 months. For those who underwent ASCT, the median OS was 56 months, compared with only 33.1 months for those who did not. The 3-year OS in the ASCT patients was 78.3%, compared with 49.5% in the non-ASCT group.
This finding supports the potential utility of ASCT among older adults with MM who are deemed eligible for this treatment option,” the authors wrote.
“Future studies must focus on prospectively incorporating greater detail on disease characteristics, functional status, and other geriatric assessment parameters in order to further perform comparative effectiveness research to clarify the role of ASCT in older adults with MM,” the authors concluded.
about the author
Lizzy Smith was diagnosed with myeloma in 2012 at age 44. Within days, she left her job, ended her marriage, moved, and entered treatment. "To the extent I'm able, I want to prove that despite life's biggest challenges, it is possible to survive and come out stronger than ever," she says.