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ASH 2022: Talquetamab for Relapsed/Refractory Myeloma Showing Durable Responses
Posted: Jan 24, 2023
ASH 2022:  Talquetamab for Relapsed/Refractory Myeloma Showing Durable Responses image

Talquetamab, bispecifc antibody targeting GPRC5D, is showing durable responses for relapsed and refractory myeloma patients, according to data presented by Ajai Chari, MD of Mount Sinai. 

This second bispecific antibody from Janssen Oncology uses an off-the-shelf approach, an appealing option for relapsed patients that need immediate treatment. Talquetamab would be another option for patients who have relapsed after BCMA-directed treatments like CAR T or teclistamab, the first FDA-approved bispecific antibody.

The treatment is given in step-up dosing for safety, which means that smaller, but increasing doses are given in the first few administrations to limit side effects. The product is administered with a subcutaneous injection rather than an IV.

GPRC5D (G protein-coupled receptor family C group 5 member D) is a target highly expressed on multiple myeloma cells that have very little expression on normal human cells.  Krina Patel, MD of MD Anderson Cancer Center discusses talquetamab in more detail at HealthTree at this link.
 

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The Phase 1/2 study presented by Dr. Chari at the recent American Society of Hematology (ASH) meeting included two dose levels: a low (0.405 mg/kg) and a high (0.8 mg/kg) every other week.

Patients who joined the study:  

  • Had at least three lines of therapy
  • Median age was 67 years old
  • Many patients were triple-class refractory and had received more therapy with a median of 5 prior treatments
  • 31.1% had high-risk cytogenetics
  • 23% had extramedullary disease, 19.6% had ISS stage 3 disease
  • Median follow-up was 11.0 months

Outcomes included: 

  • The overall response rate was similar at both levels; 74% in the low dose and 73% in the high dose arm of the study
  • The median progression-free survival in the low-dose arm was 7.5 months and 11.9 months in the high-dose arm
  • Duration of response for patients that attained a complete response and has not yet been reached
  • Overall, survival has yet to be reached

Adverse Events (side effects) were listed by low dose/high dose as follows;

Adverse Event Low dose High Dose
Cytokine Release Syndrome 79%     72%
Neurotoxicity 11% 10%
Dysgeusia (altered sense of taste) 48% 46%
Anemia 45% 39%
Skin Related Events 56% 68%
Nail Disorders 52% 43%
Cytopenia 34% 28%
Thromocytopenia 27% 27%
Infections 57% 50%
Patients discontinued 4.9% 6.2%
Patients had dose delays 8.4% 13.8%
Dose Reductions 14.7% 6.2%
There were 2 deaths from COVID 19    

Dr Chari discussed additional data about patients that had received prior T Cell therapy in this study. For these patients, the overall response rate with talquetamab was slightly lower at 63%.  There is also a Phase 1 study looking at talquetamab in combination with other approved agents such a teclistamab, daratumumab, immunomodulatory drugs and checkpoint inhibitors. There is a Phase 3 study looking at talquetamab vs currently approved therapies.

The FDA has granted breakthrough designation for talquetamab for multiple myeloma discussed in this article at HealthTree. This research and these clinical trial outcomes will help us understand the best treatments and combinations for this bispecific antibody product.

Dr. Chari concluded by saying: 

  • The safety profile was consistent between both dosing schedules
  • Talquetamab showed a 73-74% overall response rate in both dosing schedules in a heavily pre-treated group of patients
  • For patients with prior CAR T, a 63% overall response rate was seen
  • Overal, discontinuation of the drug was low
  • An ongoing Phase 3 study is now evaluating talquetamab in combination with other treatments

Learn more about the MonumenTAL-1 clinical trial here. 

 

The author Beth Travis

about the author
Beth Travis

Beth is a licensed Physical Therapist that truly believes in the benefits of exercise. Mother of two, a myeloma patient and advocate with a love of learning, healthy lifestyles and food adventures.

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