Talquetamab, bispecifc antibody targeting GPRC5D, is showing durable responses for relapsed and refractory myeloma patients, according to data presented by Ajai Chari, MD of Mount Sinai.
This second bispecific antibody from Janssen Oncology uses an off-the-shelf approach, an appealing option for relapsed patients that need immediate treatment. Talquetamab would be another option for patients who have relapsed after BCMA-directed treatments like CAR T or teclistamab, the first FDA-approved bispecific antibody.
The treatment is given in step-up dosing for safety, which means that smaller, but increasing doses are given in the first few administrations to limit side effects. The product is administered with a subcutaneous injection rather than an IV.
GPRC5D (G protein-coupled receptor family C group 5 member D) is a target highly expressed on multiple myeloma cells that have very little expression on normal human cells. Krina Patel, MD of MD Anderson Cancer Center discusses talquetamab in more detail at HealthTree at this link.
The Phase 1/2 study presented by Dr. Chari at the recent American Society of Hematology (ASH) meeting included two dose levels: a low (0.405 mg/kg) and a high (0.8 mg/kg) every other week.
Patients who joined the study:
Adverse Events (side effects) were listed by low dose/high dose as follows;
|Adverse Event||Low dose||High Dose|
|Cytokine Release Syndrome||79%||72%|
|Dysgeusia (altered sense of taste)||48%||46%|
|Skin Related Events||56%||68%|
|Patients had dose delays||8.4%||13.8%|
|There were 2 deaths from COVID 19|
Dr Chari discussed additional data about patients that had received prior T Cell therapy in this study. For these patients, the overall response rate with talquetamab was slightly lower at 63%. There is also a Phase 1 study looking at talquetamab in combination with other approved agents such a teclistamab, daratumumab, immunomodulatory drugs and checkpoint inhibitors. There is a Phase 3 study looking at talquetamab vs currently approved therapies.
The FDA has granted breakthrough designation for talquetamab for multiple myeloma discussed in this article at HealthTree. This research and these clinical trial outcomes will help us understand the best treatments and combinations for this bispecific antibody product.
Dr. Chari concluded by saying:
Learn more about the MonumenTAL-1 clinical trial here.
about the author
Beth is a Licensed Physical Therapist that truly believes exercise is the best medicine but not the only medicine. Mother of two, a myeloma patient and advocate with a love of learning, healthy lifestyles and food adventures.