/
/
ASH 2021: Venetoclax Plus Decitabine for Young Adults with Adverse-Risk AML
ASH 2021: Venetoclax Plus Decitabine for Young Adults with Adverse-Risk AML image
ASH 2021: Venetoclax Plus Decitabine for Young Adults with Adverse-Risk AML
Posted Jan 13, 2022

Dr. Suning Chen from the Jiangsu Institute of Hematology presented his abstract at ASH 2021 titled “Venetoclax Plus Decitabine for Young Adults with Newly Diagnosed ELN Adverse-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia”.

As you know, the 7+3 regimen of cytarabine and anthracycline (Daunorubicin or Idarubicin) has been the mainstay of induction treatment for fit patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) since 1973. Depending on a person's genetic risk category (favorable risk, intermediate risk or adverse risk), this combination of drugs generates a complete response in 60-80% of younger adults and 40-60% of adults over the age of 60. However, induction treatment for fit patients with adverse risk AML exhibited lower complete response rates and worse outcomes than for AML patients with favorable or intermediate risk. As of late, some studies using venetoclax with azacitidine or decitabine in conjunction with rigorous chemotherapy have recently resulted in response rates of 60-70% in older patients with newly diagnosed AML. 

This trial assessed the safety and effectiveness of venetoclax with decitabine in newly diagnosed adverse risk AML in young adults.

The complete demographics and clinical characteristics of the participants are as follows:


Patient Demographics

A total of 27 adverse-risk patients were enrolled with ages between 18 and 59 years old, using fast next-generation sequencing (NGS), RT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to screen for the adverse risk features. The study included 20 males and 7 females.

 

 

 


*ELN-2017 Adverse-risk stratification of AML

Study Design

The clinical study treatment regimens were defined using Decitabine 20mg/m2 on days 1-5, then venetoclax was escalated from 100mg to 200mg to 400 mg until the 28th day. Sorafenib 400mg twice daily was introduced as an option for patients with FLT3-ITD mutations. Before the start of each new cycle, bone marrow biopsies were performed on day 28. 

Patients who achieved composite complete remission (which includes those with a complete remission [CR], CR with incomplete hematologic recovery [CRp], CR with partial hematologic recovery [CRh], and morphologic leukemia free state[MLFS]) would receive one or two rounds of high-dose cytarabine consolidation followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients who did not respond or had a partial response would be given one more round of venetoclax with decitabine. 

The goal of this ongoing trial is to compare venetoclax plus decitabine to cytarabine plus idarubicin in the previously described group of patients.

Results

The median follow-up time, as of October 31 2021, was 4.3 months (the median remission duration and overall survival (OS) have not been reached). Among the 25 evaluable patients, 13 (52%) achieved a complete remission (CR), 5 (20%) achieved a CR with partial hematologic recovery (CRh), and one patient (4%) showed CR with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRp) after the first induction. These results were compared with data of patients with adverse risk AML obtained from the SZ3202 registry (42 patients) and patients treated with cytarabine plus idarubicin (12 mg/m2) in the same period (18 patients). 

                           Responses Comparison                                                

                     MRD Responses Comparison

Study Conclusions

Dr. Suning found that preliminary results indicate venetoclax plus decitabine is an effective, lower-intensity regimen that is well tolerated for young adults with newly diagnosed adverse-risk AML, producing high rates of complete response, low rates of infections, and low rates of early death. 

When the rates of complete remission were examined, the venetoclax regimen had a CR/CRh rate of 76%, and 64% of patients reached MRD negativity after the first cycle, compared to 38% and 20% of the control data, respectively. The venetoclax regimen was well tolerated, with a 0% mortality rate at the fourth and eighth week.

Dr. Suning noted that the adverse events from the regimen were neutropenic fever (20%), pneumonia (8%), and Tumor lysis syndrome that occurred in one patient, which was resolved with medical management. 

Take Away Points

All of the reported newly diagnosed young patients with adverse risk AML had at least a partial response to the venetoclax plus decitabine regimen, the majority of whom reached a type of complete remission (76%) in a follow-up of 4.3 months. This regimen appears to induce a stronger response, taking a lower toll on the patients that were studied, compared to the standard regimen of cytarabine plus idarubicin. This trial is ongoing and still recruiting.

The author Arturo Hurtado

about the author
Arturo Hurtado

Arturo Hurtado is an International Medical Graduate who joined HealthTree in 2020 as part of the Patient Experience team. He helps patients understand their disease panorama and navigate their AML through the tools and resources that HealthTree provides. He is an enthusiastic photographer, tech nerd, and aspiring food explorer who loves to travel and find new exciting experiences.

More AML Clinical Trials Articles

Get the latest thought leadership on AML delivered straight to your inbox.

Subscribe to the weekly "HealthTree Community for AML Newsletter" for AML news, life with AML stories, AML clinical trials, AML 101 articles and events with AML experts.

Thanks to our HealthTree Community for AML Sponsors:

Bristol Myers Squibb
Jazz Pharmaceuticals
AbbVie
Genentech
Amgen

Follow Us

facebook instagram twitter youtube

 

Terms of Use and Privacy Policy     Newsroom     About    Donations    Find an AML Specialist     Newsletter     Learn     Connect

 

Copyright © 2022 HealthTree Foundation. All Rights Reserved.

The HealthTree Foundation / HealthTree for AML is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization. Tax ID 45-5354811

https://www.guidestar.org/profile/45-5354811