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A Phase II Study of CART-ddBCMA for the Treatment of Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma
A Phase II study of CART-ddBCMA for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. CART-ddBCMA is a BCMA-directed CAR-T cell therapyThis is a Phase II open-label study of CART-ddBCMA* in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM). The study will have the following sequential phases: screening, enrollment, pre-treatment with lymphodepleting chemotherapy, treatment with CART-ddBCMA, and follow-up. If necessary, bridging therapy is allowed to control growth of MM disease while CART-ddBCMA is being manufactured. Following a single infusion of CART-ddBCMA both safety and efficacy data will be assessed. Efficacy will be assessed monthly for the first 6 months, then quarterly up to 2 years, or upon patient relapse. The primary analysis will be conducted approximately 13 months after the final patient is dosed. This will allow approximately 12 months follow up from the time of the last observed response on study. Long-term safety data will be collected under a separat
Inclusion Criteria: Age 18 years or older and has capacity to give informed consent Relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma treated with at least 3 prior regimens of systemic therapy including proteasome inhibitor, immunomodulatory drugs (IMiD) and anti-CD38 antibody and are refractory to the last line of therapy. For each line, 2 consecutive cycles are required unless the best response after 1 cycle was progressive disease. Note: IMWG criteria defines refractory disease as disease progression on or within 60 days of a therapy Note: Induction treatment with or without hematopoietic stem cell transplant and with or without maintenance is considered a single regimen Documented measurable disease including at least one or more of the following criteria: Serum M-protein ≥1.0 g/dL Urine M-protein ≥200 mg/24 hours Involved serum free light chain ≥10 mg/dL with abnormal κ/λ ratio (i.e., >4:1 or <1:2) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1 Life expectancy >12 weeks Adequate organ function defined as: Oxygen (O2) saturation ≥92% on room air Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) ≥45% by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.0k/µl, platelet count (PLT) ≥50k/µl, [NOTE: Platelet transfusion not allowed within 14 days; filgrastim (or biosimilar) not allowed within 7 days, pegfilgrastim (or biosimilar) within 14 days] Creatinine clearance ≥45 mL/min min (as determined by the Cockgroft-Gault equation) and not on dialysis Aspartate transaminase (AST)/alanine transaminase (ALT) <3 x upper limits of normal (ULN) Total bilirubin <1.5 x ULN (allow 3x ULN for Gilbert's syndrome) Prothrombin time test (PTT), prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) <1.5 x ULN, unless on a stable dose of anti-coagulant for a thromboembolic event (Subjects with any history of thromboembolic stroke; or history or Grade 2 (G2) or greater hemorrhage within one year are excluded) Resolution of adverse events (AEs) from any prior systemic anticancer therapy, radiotherapy, or surgery to Grade 1 or baseline (except G2 alopecia and G2 sensory neuropathy) Male and female participants of childbearing potential must agree to use highly effective methods of birth control through 12 months after the dose of study treatment Willing to comply with and able to tolerate study procedures, including consent to participate in separate Long-term Safety Follow-up lasting up to 15 years per FDA guidance Subject's leukapheresis product from non-mobilized cells is received and accepted for cell processing by manufacturing site. NOTE: Leukapheresis will be performed only after all other eligibility criteria are confirmed Exclusion Criteria: Plasma cell leukemia or history of plasma cell leukemia Treatment with the following therapies as specified below Any prior systemic treatment for multiple myeloma within the 14 days prior to scheduled leukapheresis Receiving high-dose (e.g., >10 mg prednisone or equivalent) systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 14 days prior to leukapheresis Prior treatment with any gene therapy or gene-modified cellular immune-therapy Prior B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) directed therapy Autologous stem cell transplantation within 3 months prior to leukapheresis, or any prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation Subjects with solitary plasmacytomas without evidence of other measurable disease are excluded History of allergy or hypersensitivity to study drug components. Subjects with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) are excluded Contraindication to fludarabine or cyclophosphamide Severe or uncontrolled intercurrent illness or laboratory abnormalities including Active bacterial, viral, or fungal infection requiring systemic treatment (isolated fever may not constitute active infection in and of itself, (e.g., related to disease) Symptomatic congestive heart failure (i.e., New York Heart Association stage III or IV) Unstable angina, arrhythmia, or myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to Screening Significant pulmonary dysfunction Uncontrolled thromboembolic events or recent severe hemorrhage (i.e., within one year) Any history of pulmonary embolism (PE) in the past 12 months or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) within three months of enrollment. Therapeutic dosing of anticoagulants (e.g., warfarin, low molecular weight heparin, Factor Xa inhibitors) is allowed for history of PE/DVT if greater than twelve and three months, respectively, from time of enrollment, and should be at a stable maintenance dose. Auto-immune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy within the last 24 months Seropositive for and with evidence of active hepatitis B or C infection at time of Screening, or HIV seropositive Subjects with a history of hepatitis B but have received antiviral therapy and have non-detectable viral DNA are eligible Subjects seropositive because of hepatitis B virus vaccine with no signs or active infection are eligible Subjects who had hepatitis C but have received antiviral therapy and show no detectable hepatitis C virus (HCV) viral RNA are eligible Active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by malignancy Any sign of active or prior CNS pathology including but not limited to history of epilepsy, seizure, paresis, aphasia, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage or CNS bleed, severe brain injury, dementia, cerebellar disease, Parkinson's disease, organic brain syndrome or psychosis Active malignancy not related to myeloma that has required therapy in the last 3 years or is not in complete remission. Exceptions to this criterion include successfully treated non-metastatic basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma, or prostate cancer that does not require therapy. Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding or females of childbearing potential not using an effective method of birth control Subjects with any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness that would prevent the subject from participating in study (or full access to medical records) as written including follow up, the interpretation of data or place the subject at unacceptable risk Any vaccine ≤ 6 weeks before leukapheresis and/or anticipation of the need for such a vaccine during the subject's participation in the study Concurrent enrollment on another study using an investigational therapy for the treatment of RRMM
Overall Response Rate (ORR)
United States, Arizona, Scottsdale
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
United States, Arkansas, Little Rock
Colorado Blood Cancer Institute
United States, Colorado, Denver
Moffitt Cancer Center
United States, Florida, Tampa
Northside Hospital, Inc
United States, Georgia, Atlanta
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