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Improving Host Factors in Patients With Monoclonal Gammopathies
This clinical trial investigates the effect of non-chemotherapeutic interventions in patients with multiple myeloma. Non-chemotherapeutic interventions such as physical activity and nutritional interventions (e.g., modifications in diet) have been shown to positively affect the immune system and improve overall quality of life. Another purpose of this study is for researchers to learn how the addition of a beta-blocker (propranolol) to the standard treatment regimen in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma affects immune response and quality of life. A study from the Mayo Clinic looked at multiple myeloma patients who were on a beta-blocker while undergoing chemotherapy and found that the use of a beta-blocker resulted in improved patient survival outcomes. Non-chemotherapeutic treatment options may help decrease symptoms and improve quality of life for patients with multiple myeloma.PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the impact of different lifestyle and low side effect interv
Inclusion Criteria: Age >= 18 years of age Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of: Module A: ECOG 0 - 1 Module B: ECOG 0 - 2 Module C: ECOG 0 - 2 Have a diagnosis of smoldering multiple myeloma or multiple myeloma Show no signs of comorbidities, myeloma symptoms, or treatment side effects that would put them in danger when participating in the study according to the physician's discretion Are able to understand and follow assessment and intervention procedures Participant must understand the investigational nature of this study and sign an Independent Ethics Committee/Institutional Review Board approved written informed consent form prior to receiving any study related procedure MODULE A (PHYSICAL ACTIVITY): Participant has access to a personal computer or tablet with camera, microphone, speakers and internet access MODULE B (NUTRITION): Not applicable MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma necessitating treatment and before initiation of systemic therapy MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Eligibility for autologous stem cell transplantation MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Bone marrow biopsy planned as standard of care at first diagnosis and before stem cell collection (Flow Cytometry Standard of Care [SOC] - III) MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Female participants of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at study entry and then agree to use adequate contraceptive methods (e.g., hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry. Male patients with female partners of child-bearing potential should also use adequate contraceptive methods (see above). Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately Exclusion Criteria: Major comorbidities that would cause danger to the patient when participating in the study and that would have a risk of progression if the patient took part in the study (including, but not limited to): cardiac or pulmonary and infectious diseases (e.g., ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia) or, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements Unwilling or unable to follow protocol requirements Any condition which in the investigator's opinion deems the participant an unsuitable candidate to take part in study intervention (comorbidities, myeloma symptoms, treatment side effects) MODULE A (PHYSICAL ACTIVITY): Current and symptomatic pathological fracture(s) or severely advanced instability of the musculo-skeletal system that is deemed to making the patient unsafe to participate. This will be assessed by radiologist, a neurosurgeon and/or an orthopedic surgeon, if applicable. MODULE A (PHYSICAL ACTIVITY): Current and symptomatic pathological fracture(s) or severely advanced instability of the musculo-skeletal system MODULE A (PHYSICAL ACTIVITY): Acute bone instability as assessed by whole body low-dose computed tomography and evaluated by an experienced surgeon MODULE B (NUTRITION): Clinical signs of malnutrition (body mass index [BMI] < 18) MODULE B (NUTRITION): Special diets (physician prescribed) MODULE B (NUTRITION): Diabetic treated with glucose-lowering medications and/or insulin MODULE B (NUTRITION): Other reasons not to withhold food MODULE B (NUTRITION): Any condition which in the investigator's opinion deems the participant an unsuitable candidate to limit food consumption MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Current use of a beta blocker (includes all non-selective and beta-1 selective blockers) or, use of a beta-blocker within 3 months of study enrollment MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Contraindications to the use of beta-blockers, e.g.; severe sinus bradycardia; sick sinus syndrome; or heart block greater than first-degree, uncontrolled depression, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Grade III or IV), hypotension ( systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg), severe asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), uncontrolled type I or type II diabetes mellitus (HbA1C > 8.5 or 12h fasting plasma glucose > 160 mg/dL at screening), symptomatic peripheral arterial disease or Raynaud's syndrome, untreated pheochromocytoma, current calcium channel blocker use (Non-dihydropyridines such as verapamil) or rhythm control agents such as digoxin and amiodarone. Patients with pacemakers will be excluded MODULE C (BETA BLOCKER): Pregnant or nursing female participants, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) laboratory test
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Changes in immune cell subsets
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
United States, New York, Buffalo
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