AML Clinical Trials
Recruiting Observational

Role of Genetic Factors in the Development of Lung Disease

Study Description

This study is designed to evaluate the genetics involved in the development of lung disease by surveying genes involved in the process of breathing and examining the genes in lung cells of patients with lung disease. The study will focus on defining the distribution of abnormal genes responsible for processes directly involved in different diseases affecting the lungs of patients and healthy volunteers. Optional CT Sub-study The standard CT scan will be compared to the low dose radiation CT scan for the 150 subjects enrolled in the sub-study to assess the variation between the two techniques. Specifically, the quantitative computer aided detection of lung CT abnormalities from LAM can be compared to assess whether low radiation dose CT exams is an alternative to conventional CT to monitor disease status. This optional sub-study will be offered to up to 100 adult subjects with lung disease and up to 50 children age 9 and older with CF. Children will not be enrolled in the optional CT sub-study unless they have had a standard CT scan for medical purposes to use in comparison. One additional low dose radiation CT scan of the chest may be done as part of this sub-study when these subjects have their next annual CT scan.

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Recruiting InterventionalPhase 2

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in the Treatment of Infant Leukemia

Study Description

RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy, such as busulfan, fludarabine, and melphalan, before a donor umbilical cord blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of abnormal or cancer cells and prepares the patient's bone marrow for the stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil may stop this from happening. PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy followed by a donor umbilical cord blood transplant works in treating infants with high-risk acute leukemia or myelodysplastic syndromes.

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Recruiting Observational

A Prospective, Multicentre European Registry for Newly Diagnosed Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Study Description

Study Objectives: To collect and describe demographics, disease-management, and treatment outcomes of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS) patients who are newly diagnosed and classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. To perform observational studies concerning relevant scientific research questions in MDS using clinical data and biological samples, and to present relevant research outcomes in the fields of diagnosis and prognostication, health related quality of life issues, health economics, and risk stratification for newly developed classes of drugs. To disseminate results of the studies to all stakeholders involved.

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Recruiting InterventionalPhase 2

Fludarabine Phosphate, Cytarabine, Filgrastim-sndz, Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin, and Idarubicin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Study Description

This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, filgrastim-sndz, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, and idarubicin hydrochloride work in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, and idarubicin hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Gemtuzumab ozogamicin is a monoclonal antibody, called gemtuzumab, linked to a antitumor drug, called calicheamicin. Gemtuzumab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, known as CD33 receptors, and delivers calicheamicin to kill them. Colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim-sndz, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help the immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. Giving fludarabine phosphate, cytarabine, filgrastim-sndz, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, and idarubicin hydrochloride may kill more cancer cells.

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Recruiting Observational

Collecting and Storing Tissue From Young Patients With Cancer

Study Description

This laboratory study is collecting and storing tissue, blood, and bone marrow samples from young patients with cancer. Collecting and storing samples of tissue, blood, and bone marrow from patients with cancer to study in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that may occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to cancer.

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Recruiting Observational

Registry Study on Patient Characteristics, Biological Disease Profile and Clinical Outcome in Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Related Neoplasms, and Higher Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome - The Biology and Outcome (BiO)-Project

Study Description

This is a registry study in adult patients with newly diagnosed or refractory/relapsed myeloid neoplasms Investigator's sites: 60-70 sites in Germany and Austria Estimated duration of observation of an individual patient: 10 years maximum Objectives To register all patients with acute myeloid leukemia and related precursor neoplasms, acute leukemia of unambiguous lineage, with higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS with excess blasts 2), and with myeloid neoplasms with germline predisposition, newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory in all participating centers (completeness) To perform timely analyses of disease-related genetic markers (incidences, treatment recommendations) To assess patient and family history, clinical characteristics and outcome data (event-free survival [EFS], cumulative incidence of relapse [CIR], cumulative incidence of death [CID], overall survival [OS]) To assess biological disease features and correlate with clinical outcome data (prognostic and predictive markers) To store biosamples from all patients (e.g., bone marrow, blood, plasma, normal tissue, e.g., skin biopsy, buccal swap, finger nails, hairs, or sputum) To assess quality of life

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Recruiting Interventional

PETHEMA-LMA10: Treatment of Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia (AML) in Patients Less Than or Equal to 65 Years

Study Description

Advances in the biological characterization of AML can now make a proper estimate of the risk of recurrence and likelihood of survival of different groups of patients according to the expression of different disease parameters. Karyotype, the molecular alterations affecting genes FLT3, NPM1 and CEBPA, minimal residual disease by flow cytometry and response to first induction cycle are variables that must be taken into consideration when planning the treatment of first line from a patient with AML. This breakthrough in the field of biology has not resulted yet in the development of new drugs really effective in the treatment of AML. Therefore, the core of the treatment continue to rely on the use of traditional chemotherapy combined or not with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell. Both treatments differ in their antileukemic efficacy, higher in aloTPH, as well as their toxicity and procedure-related mortality, increased also in the aloTPH. These aspects should be added that most candidates aloTPH patients lack an HLA identical sibling donor forcing the search for alternative sources and hematopoietic stem cell donors. These transplants alternative, but are not committed to their antileukemic efficacy, it does have implied a greater toxicity. Therefore, the ultimate effectiveness of these procedures depends largely on the proper selection of candidates for the same. While there is broad agreement in terms of induction chemotherapy using a combination of cytarabine with anthracycline, the choice of chemotherapy regimen is controversial postremisiĆ³n today. In the poor prognosis of itself involve the LMA, patients classified as "favorable group" are acceptable disease-free survival with consolidation schemes involving high-dose cytarabine. For other patients appear to be inappropriate to combine cytarabine with an anthracycline, at least one cycle of consolidation, and raise the option of allogeneic different depending on prognostic markers

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Recruiting Observational

Monitoring Minimal Residual Disease of Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia or High Grade Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Study Description

This study is being performed to develop assays to determine the impact of the therapy patients receive for treatment of AML or MDS and to determine if these tests can identify those patients who are at a greater risk for having their disease relapse.

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Recruiting InterventionalPhase 2

Cladribine Plus Low Dose Cytarabine (LDAC) Alternating With Decitabine in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) or High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

Study Description

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if cladribine given in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) and decitabine can help control the disease in patients with AML or MDS. The safety of this drug combination will also be studied. Cladribine is designed to interfere with the cell's ability to process DNA (the genetic material of cells). It can also insert itself into the DNA of cancer cells to stop them from growing and repairing themselves. Cytarabine is designed to insert itself into DNA of cancer cells to stop them from growing and repairing themselves. Decitabine is designed to damage the DNA of cells, which may cause cancer cells to die. This is an investigational study. Cladribine is FDA approved and commercially available for use in patients with hairy cell leukemia. Its use in patients with AML is investigational. Cytarabine is FDA approved and commercially available for use in patients with AML. Decitabine is FDA approved and commercially available for use in patients with MDS. Its use for patients with AML is investigational. Up to 160 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

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Recruiting InterventionalPhase 1Phase 2

Safety and Efficacy Study of Idarubicin Dose Intensification to Treat Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Study Description

The purpose of this study is to determine whether idarubicin dose intensification is safe and effective as a remission induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia.

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